The sea occupy more than 72% of the Earth’s surface, contains 97% of the water, and provides more than 70% of the air we consume. Humans end up owing a lot to the seas, but we are constantly endangered the sea with ecological pollution. There are different types of sea pollution however plastic has been the most significant problem.
Humans have generated more plastic over the previous decade than we've had in the previous 100 years. So the increase of plastic reaching our seas affect marine life and it also affects us. Plastic poisons seafood, seabirds, marine animals, and damages ecosystems, and even interfering with mammal breeding patterns all of which may have terrible effects and lead to the extinction of whole species.
Types of water pollution
- Groundwater pollution
- Chemical pollution
- Nutrients pollution
- Surface water pollution
- Oxygen depletion pollution
- Microbiological pollution
Impact of Water Pollution
Bringing pollutants to natural sources has had a variety of consequences on humans. As per a review published by the World Health Organization in 2017, 2.1 billion individuals lack clean water.
Contaminated water has the greatest impact on species and organisms that rely on it for survival. Contamination causes the food supply chain to be disrupted by transferring poisons from their initial stage to the next.
Contamination has the potential destroy the ecosystem in certain situations. These have an effect on other species by either promoting uncontrolled development or mortality if the hunter dies. The presence or removal of some microbes causes ecological disruption. Nutrient pollution promotes the growth of algae that reduces air levels in the water resulting in the extinction of marine life.
Help Decrease the Pollution
In the next few years, nearly half of the Earth's population will be living in water-scarce places, thus each droplet of contaminated water now is an irreversible lost for future generations.
As a result, we must take steps to avoid water contamination, such as:
- Decrease CO2 releases to avoid climate change and sea degradation.
- Utilize less toxic insecticides and fungicides on plants.
- Minimize and properly handle sewage so that it may be utilized for agriculture and power generation while also not damaging the environment.
- Limit the consumption of single-use plastics.
- Promote appropriate fishing to guarantee the preservation of wildlife and prevent ocean degradation.
Consider the negative consequences of pollution and the challenges that continue to exist. Pollution may be reduced with better infrastructure. Many of the plastics that end up in the seas come from countries with a massive population and inefficient waste management. Some of these countries are also starting to develop rules aimed at reducing pollution in the water. The level of achievement has been unpredictable, and more needs to be done to change present trends.